The Common Swift

The Common Swift,
A unique gift,
For us to contemplate.

It flies up high,
It’s home the sky,
That wondrous blue estate.


Common swift, Apus apus, in flight

Attracting birds to your backyard

Hi! Want to know more about …

Attracting birds to your backyard

Birding In Spain has contributed to the interesting article about how to attract birds to your backyard (read garden). From providing food for feeders, planting native plants and bushes, providing clean water and in general a safe haven where birds can feel secure and socialize.

Click on the link above to read the full article.

It’s written for an American audience, but the tips can be extrapolated to almost anywhere.

Hotspot birding 2020: The end

The rest of the year, July – December

Hotspot birding autumn

hotspot birding autumn

This period was mostly spent taking “potshots” at missing species that might be around. Summer waders don’t find much habitat in the region, with Mont-ral being the only realistic site to check. Then to look out for passage Dotterels on the drylands and keep an ear out for any scarce birds turning up at the Estany d’Ivars. I was fixated on finding a Yellowhammer in the north of the Hotspot and was delighted when I did! Missed out on passage Osprey though, and Black-necked Grebes are almost a thing of the past, it seems.

The autumn wader passage on the ricefields was quite disappointing and gave me nothing new.

Temminck’s Stint*
Kentish Plover*
Tawny Pipit*
Glossy Ibis*
Ruddy Shelduck*
Little Gull*
Ring Ouzel*
Common Whitethroat
Mediterranean Gull*
Citril Finch*
Barn Owl*
Grey Plover*
Red Breasted Merganser*
Black Winged Kite*

Total = 222 species

• Species that I was hoping to see but didn’t: Osprey, Long Eared Owl, Tawny Owl, European Nightjar, Black Necked Grebe, Yellow Browed Warbler, Spectacled Warbler

• Species that were reported but that I didn’t see: Common Gull, Flamingo, Spoonbill, Jack Snipe, Rosy Starling, Great Bittern, Pallid Harrier, Sociable Lapwing … (I’m sure there are a few more)

Hotspot 2020 summary cont: May – June – July

April – May – June

Hotspot birding summer

Hotspot birding 2020 – summer

Wood Sandpiper
Collared Pratincole* (around 1 or 2 sightings a year is normal)
Ringed Plover
Yellow Wagtail
Western Bonelli’s Warbler
Subalpine Warbler
Woodchat Shrike
Bee Eater
Willow Warbler
Black Eared Wheatear*
Tree Pipit
Red Rumped Swallow*
Reed Warbler
Sedge Warbler
Great Reed Warbler
Black Tern
Little Bittern*
Turtle Dove
Bar Tailed Godwit* (rare inland; this time a flock of 22!)
Common Redstart
Scops Owl*
Melodious Warbler
Pied Flycatcher
Golden Oriole
Wood Warbler*
Garden Warbler
Ortolan Bunting* (one on migration)
Short Toed Lark
Montagu’s Harrier*
Purple Heron
Spotted Flycatcher
Northern Wheatear
Whiskered Tern
Black Vulture* (from the balcony!)
Honey Buzzard
Red Necked Nightjar*
Lesser Grey Shrike* (only one site left in the Iberian Peninsula)
Red Footed Falcon*

Black Bellied Sandgrouse* (has almost disappeared from the zone)
Orphean Warbler*
Squacco Heron*
Spanish Sparrow* (a new breeding bird – will it stay?)
Common Tern*
Eleonora’s Falcon*
Little Stint

54 species added in this period.
Total so far = 205

Hotspot birding 2020: What a year!

Hotspot list 2020

Hotspot birding

25km hotspot birding around Lleida

In order of appearance:

January – February – March

Red Kite
Collared Dove
House Sparrow
White Stork
Rock Dove (domestica)
Crested Lark
Marsh Harrier
Wood Lark
Great Tit
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker *
Grey Wagtail
Great White Heron
Carrion Crow
Corn Bunting
Cirl Bunting
Little Owl
Black Redstart
Great Cormorant
Common Starling
Cattle Egret
Yellow Legged Gull
Lesser Black Backed Gull
Black Kite
Spotless Starling
Dartford Warbler
White Wagtail
Song Thrush
Grey Heron
Little Grebe
Great Crested Grebe
Common Pochard
Black Headed Gull
Water Rail
Purple Swamphen*
Penduline Tit
Reed Bunting
Iberian Green Woodpecker
Mistle Thrush
Cetti’s Warbler
Blue Tit
Greylag Goose*
Water Pipit
Black Stork*
Iberian Grey Shrike
Meadow Pipit
Red Legged Partridge
Long Tailed Tit
Thekla Lark
Redwing* (large numbers this year)
Stock Dove
Red Billed Chough
Sardinian Warbler
Tufted Duck
Tree Sparrow
Spotted Redshank
Green Sandpiper
Short Toed Treecreeper
Mute Swan
Little Egret
Bearded Tit* (breeds at one or two sites in Catalonia)
Coal Tit*
Calandra Lark
Great Spotted Woodpecker
Rock Bunting*
Rock Sparrow
Crag Martin
Griffon Vulture
Peregrine Falcon
Wallcreeper** (our favourite!)
Black Wheatear*
Hen Harrier*
Night Heron
Blue Rock Thrush
Herring Gull* (rare, but somewhat overlooked. Not a big gull fan myself)
Little Bustard*
Stone Curlew
Golden Eagle*
Crested Tit*
Bonelli’s Eagle*
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse* (only one site in Catalonia)
Golden Plover
Eagle Owl*
Common Crane
Common Sandpiper
Red Crested Pochard
Ferruginous Duck*
Moustached Warbler* (breeds at 2? locations in Catalonia)
Zitting Cisticola
House Martin
Little Ringed Plover
Sand Martin
Black Tailed Godwit
Black Winged Stilt
Dupont’s Lark (the only site in Catalonia)
Lesser Short Toed Lark
Short Toed Eagle
Great Spotted Cuckoo
Egyptian Vulture
Lesser Kestrel
Alpine Swift
Booted Eagle
Common Swift

Total for period = 151 species

* Most noteworthy species; either not expected every year, site specific or generally rare
Notes: Visits to Estany d’Ivars, Utxesa, Alfés, Mont-ral, Aiguamolls de Rufea, Lleida dump, Clot de l’Unilla, Santa Anna, Serra Llarga, Lockdown and Torre-ribera

Hotspot reflections: pigshit and glyphosate everywhere


  • Cattle farms where rice fields used to be, surrounded by maize and bulldozers flattening land, as well as combine harvesters and tractors.
  • Pig, poultry or sheep farms in otherwise quiet places, where cattle trucks rush past the stroller seeking contact with nature
  • And all that animal shit? It must go somewhere. Biogas plants? There are a handful in the region, and livestock units number in the thousands (at least). So again, where does the shit go?
  • On the fields … Into the water … Up your nostrils
    Those are just some of the direct effects; then there’s intensification of arable land to supply animal feed, widespread pesticide (glyphosate) use, loss of fallow, field margins, and overall landscape diversity
  • Inevitably, we lose even more contact with nature, unless you see a glyphosate-soaked field of barley as nature.
    I don’t, and there are many more like me. Just now and then our voices are heard above the din.
  • But we’re all too meek. Perhaps this is the world we inherit because of our conformity. Now I understand a little bit more: leave the world full of shit and let the meek take care of it.

Hotspot Birding: In and out of lockdown

After strict lockdown was partially eased I had justifications for being out and about: our allotment needed watering, weeding and sowing, and that was in Bovera, some 40 kilometres from our apartment in Lleida. Furthermore, the self-employed were allowed out to go about our business. Now although clients – and hence paid work – were going to be rarer than Black Vultures from our balcony I could still make observations and take photos for publicity reasons and social media, and carry out my own bird counts and check out new areas. That at least is what I was going to explain if stopped by the police!

Late April and early May just had to be good for wader passage, and that meant checking out 3 main sites: (i) Lo Clot d’Unilla to the north of Lleida, as just enough rain had fallen to keep this temporary lagoon with an area of open water; (ii) the muddy patches around the edges of Estany d’Ivars; and (iii) the ricefields of Fondo de Llitera.

Collared Pratincole

Collared Pratincole photo by Tom Verhuist

However, best laid plans … and all that. (i) Lo Clot d’Unilla had a smallish area of water that SHOULD have attracted more waders, but despite a Collared Pratincole and 22 Bar-tailed Godwits (a rarity for the area), Little Ringed Plovers and a few Wood Sandpipers I came away feeling disappointed. (ii) Even more disappointing was the Estany d’Ivars, with virtually NO good wader habitat. (iii) Checking past notebooks and making several dashes for the ricefields had me frowning and scratching my head: Why hadn’t they flooded the fields yet, even in early May?

On the positive side my search for passage Wood Warblers was successful, with 2 in a tree on the edge of the Alfés aerodrome, along with Bonelli’s Warbler and Willow Warblers, and a nearby Garden Warbler thrown in for good measure! And on what must have been the latest date possible to see the Wood Warblers.

Western Orphean Warbler

Western Orphean Warbler photo by JM Breider

Just half an hour later I had seen a handsome male Ortolan Bunting on the edge of the aerodrome too, so it was a memorable day indeed. Then for most of May I was pretty inactive, until Florinda convinced me to go for a walk with her on the outskirts of Lleida, and we managed to set eyes on one of the country’s rarest breeding birds: the Lesser Grey Shrike. That was followed by a roadside Red-footed Falcon near Alfés, Black-bellied Sandgrouse and Western Orphean Warbler in the north of the Hotspot, a couple of Squacco Herons in the heron and egret colony at Rufea, 2 Eurasian Jays in the Sierra Llarga, a male Spanish Sparrow and a Common Tern at Alfés, and a brief flyby Eleonora’s Falcon in mid-June.

Black-bellied Sandgrouse

Black-bellied Sandgrouse photo by Jordi Bas

Running total 205 species. It wasn’t going to be a record year, but at least some of the difficult target birds had made it onto the list. And perhaps I could still pick up Little Stint, Common Whitethroat, Tawny Pipit and Osprey in the autumn migration period.

Hotspot birding: lockdown

Lockdown balcony birding

Lockdown balcony birding

In Catalonia, as in Spain, we were under strict lockdown for more than a month, from mid-March. Some exceptions were phased in, such as allowing access to non-commercial allotments, followed by a return to mobility for work purposes.

In practice that meant that the only safe birding to be had during the peak spring migration period was balcony birding. I have to say that it was enormously frustrating, but not without its interest. If only I had maintained my balcony list which I started when we moved into our apartment, more than 15 years ago!

During that time I would spend many an hour pacing up and down our balcony, scrutinizing the sky for anything that moved. There was always something, if only Wood Pigeons, Collared Doves and Greenfinches. It was also interesting, and at times a little unnerving too, to compare notes with other birders doing the same from their balconies around Spain via the Facebook Covid-19 birding page.

Birding from home

Covid balcony birders

Inevitably those birding in the south of Spain would have announced the arrival of birds such as Common Swift or Willow Warbler well in advance of us birders up north. Nevertheless, we usually caught up in the end, and once again I was extremely grateful that our balcony view to the north has relatively wide-open views, because of the public square where no buildings have been erected.

Balcony birding in Lleida

Balcony birding in Lleida

The only unique Hotspot species that I added, and still have yet to see elsewhere, was a surprise Black Vulture. But raptor interest was the main ingredient of my diligence, with quite remarkable observations of no fewer than 4 eagle species, with Bonelli’s Eagle, Golden Eagle, Booted Eagle and Short-toed Eagle! Then there was a distant Merlin, a Peregrine (thanks swallows for alerting me to that one!), three Goshawk days, a couple of Alpine Swifts, Stone Curlews and Hoopoes, a single male Common Redstart, and calling Scop’s Owls and Red-necked Nightjars. The last species of note was a Purple Heron, and small flocks of Honey Buzzards heading north on the 1st May.

Red-necked Nightjar

Red-necked Nightjar photo by Eva Solanes

One morning Florinda said “The only thing that gets you out of bed early is your balcony birding”, and you know, as usual, it was true.

Hotspot birding: pre-lockdown

February was a quiet month,

and I must admit I failed dismally in seeing any of my more “remotely possible” target birds I had set for the month – things like Yellowhammer, Crossbill, Jack Snipe…

Nevertheless, there was a good show of migrating Common Cranes, including a flock or two migrating over our dwelling in Lleida as night fell. Red Crested Pochard was the only noteworthy new species until the arrival of March saw a change of pace. First of all I made a local “twitch” to see a male Ferruginous Duck on the extreme western edge of the Hotspot, and on the same day went to check on the Moustached Warblers, to see if they were singing – and they were.

Red-crested Pochard

Red-crested Pochard photo by Beat Rüegger

My first Zitting Cisticola of the year made me wait until the 8th March, and then the next day I was out on the job, guiding Vreni, a nice lady from Switzerland, around my home patch. That meant I was able to rake in many of the early migrants – swallows, house martins and the like – as well as a single Black-tailed Godwit at the Estany d’Ivars.

Egyptian Vulture

Egyptian Vulture, photo by Beat Rüegger

On the 11th March, again with Vreni we had a good run on the plains, with singing Dupont’s Lark, and at least 6 Lesser Short-toed Larks, 2 sprightly and entertaining Great Spotted Cuckoos and a Short-toed Eagle. The next day, and the last for Vreni, the Hotspot list grew with 2 more species: Garganey and Egyptian Vulture. With the total now at 148 things were going smoothly, and then, well then the world changed for us all with the lockdown announcement…

we had a good run on the plains, with singing Dupont’s Lark, and at least 6 Lesser Short-toed Larks

Giving indications to other birders – and following them too!

A familiar exchange betweeen birders in the field:

“Where? Where is it?”
“Well, see the green tree?”
“Which one? They’re all green!”
(Impatiently) “The one I’m looking at!”

How can we avoid this situation, where the birder-with-the-bird is giving poor indications to another birder-without-the-bird, and furthermore, the birder-without-the-bird is not making the right moves to line up and look in the right direction?

If you are interested in some tips about giving indications to other birders in the field, then read on…

Birding and finding the bird

Birding and finding the bird


  • 12 o’clock is usually agreed to be “straight out” (ie from inside a car looking out the windscreen, from the shore looking out to sea, etc) and not “straight out from me” or “the direction I’m looking”!
  • The direction you are trying to communicate is used by giving its relationship to the position of 12 o’clock. So for example, 3 o’clock will be at a right angle on the right, 9 o’clock will be at a right angle on the left, 6 o’clock will be behind you and opposite 12 ‘clock, etc.
  • For more precision you can also use half hours, if the audience can take it. So for example, you can say between 1 and 2 o’clock, at about 1.30.


  • Then, when you have people looking in the general direction, use land marks or more obvious features of the landscape, and come down, go up, etc. For example, “See the red and white mast in the distance? Come down a bit and then go one binocular width to the right of that”
  • When giving indications look for descriptive markers in the foreground and the background, and not just on the same plane as the bird is on.

Distance with binoculars and fingers

  • A binocular width is your field of vision when looking through binoculars. It’s not exactly the same for everybody, but gives an idea, especially when there are few features to use.
  • Alternatively, and especially for “up” or “down”, try using “fingers” or “hands” to mark distances. You do this by fully extending your arm, closing one eye and measuring and communicating the distance between the objects with fingers or hands.

Look where I’m looking!

  • And when someone is looking in a certain direction and trying to explain the position of a bird, don’t look in a different direction! It seems obvious, but you’d be surprised, it’s almost as if some people look at where they would like the bird to be! To help this process stand beside or directly behind the observer to try and get the same line of view.
  • Watch and follow instructions with or without binoculars, according to what the observer tells you e.g. if he/she tells you to look without bins then do so!
  • Avoid pointing using rapid and obvious hand movements, as most birds are sensitive to this, don’t like being watched and may feel that they can be harmed. This may make them fly off.
  • If the bird is moving in one direction call a point just ahead of where it is going to be.
  • Be willing to help others in the group, it will make the guide’s job much easier, gives everyone a chance to see the birds, and frees time to see more birds.
  • Make sure the starting point is clear to all: if you get the wrong bush/rock/tree from the beginning it will be very hard to get on your mark.
  • Acknowledge when you see/can’t see the bird, when you have followed instructions successfully or not, so that your guide knows if you’re on the same page.
  • Laser pointers are of great use in the tropics, but less so in open steppes, or wetlands. When using them be sure not to shine them on the birds themselves, but rather focus the point below, to the right/left of or above the bird.

And of course, may the birds be with you!

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